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Slovakia - Political parties

Party descriptions and CMP left-right scores
Party Type 90 92 94 98 02 06 Average
SMER Social Democratic 8.9 -21.8 -6.4
KDH Christian Democratic 19.8 26.3 -6.8 27.2 29.7 19.2
Most–Híd Etnic-Regional
SDKÚ-DS Christian Democratic 37.4 -1.2 18.1
SaS Liberal
SNS Nationalist 39.2 3.5 -1.5 13.9 7.6 12.5
SMK-MKP Etnic-Regional -7.2 -0.6 -7.3 -5

The table shows the periodical scores on left-right position as given in the Comparative Manifesto Project (Volkens, Andrea,, 2010). The scores range from -100 (left) to +100 (right).

Type: Tentative grouping of political parties and alliances based on information provided in the Comparative Manifesto Project and from party descriptions in Europa World Yearbook, Encyclopædia Britannica and in election reports from the European Journal of Political Research and/or Electoral Studies.

SMER - Direction - Social Democracy - (Smer - Sociálna Demokracia)

SMER was established in 1999 by Robert Fico as a splinter from SDL. The party may be considered a pragmatic centrist party. In 2005, it was renamed Direction - Social Democracy (Smer - Sociálna Demokracia) and merged with three other parties: Party of the Democratic Left (SDL), Social Democratic Alternative (SDA), and Social Democratic Party of Slovakia (SDSS).

KDH - Christian Democratic Movement - (Krest'ansko-demokraticke hnutie)

Established in 1990. In 1996, the party created the so-called ”Blue Coalition” with the DS and the DU, a coalition that later transformed itself into the SDK. Internal squabbles within the SDK after the 1998 election led to KDH’s exit (and SKD’s transformation into the SKDÚ). Thus, the party participated independently in all parliamentary elections since 1990 except for in 1998.

OLaNO - Ordinary People and Independent Personalities - (Obycajní Ludia a nezávislé osobnosti)

Conservative party founded in 2011.

Most–Híd - Bridge - (Most–Híd)

Founded 2009 by former members of the Party of the Hungarian Coalition. Promotes co-operation between all sections of society.

SDKÚ-DS - Slovak Democratic and Christian Union - Democratic Party - (Slovenská Demokratická a Kresťanská Únia - Demokratická strana)

A Christian-democratic party which resulted from the merger of SDKÚ and the Democratic Party in 2006. In the parlamentary election on June 17 2006, the party won 31 out of 150 seats.

SaS - Freedom and Solidarity - (Sloboda a Solidarita)

Liberal party founded in 2009 by the the economist Richard Sulík. Currently part of the four-party centre-right coalition, with four cabinet positions.

SNS - Slovak National Party - (Slovenská národná strana)

Today's SNS was founded in 1990, but it claims to be the ideological heir of the Slovak National Party that existed between 1871 and 1938. The party describes itself as a national and Christian party and it was among the first to advocate for Slovak independence. In 2001 the Real SNS broke away from the party but reunified in 2003.

SMK-MKP - Party of the Hungarian Coalition - (Strana ma'arskej koalicie)

Established in 1998 by the unification of three Hungarian political organizations: The Hungarian Christian Democratic Movement (MKDH), the political movement Coexistence (“Spolužitie”), and the Hungarian Civic Party (MOS). The primary objective is to advocate the interests of the Hungarian minority. The party is in favour of Slovakian EU and NATO membership.


Political Organizations (Slovakia). 2012. In Europa World online. London, Routledge. University of Bergen. Retrieved March 2012 from

Electoral Studies (Elsevier), election reports on Slovakia.

European Journal of Political Research (European Consortium for Political Research), reports on Slovakia.

Rose, R. and Munroe, N. 2009. Parties and Elections in New European Democracies. Colchester: ECPR Press.

Budge, I.; Klingemann, H.-D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Tanenbaum, E., with Fording, R.C.; Hearl, D.J.; Kim, H.M.; McDonald, M. and Mendez, S. (2001). Mapping Policy Preferences. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments 1945-1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Klingemann, H.D.; Volkens, A.; Bara, J.; Budge, I.; McDonald, M. (2006). Mapping Policy Preferences II. Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments in Eastern Europe, the European Union and the OECD, 1990-2003. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Volkens, Andrea; Lacewell, Onawa; Regel, Sven; Schultze, Henrike; Werner, Annika (2010): The Manifesto Data Collection. Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung (WZB):