Presidential Elections

Electoral system

The president is elected by popular vote to serve a five-year term. If no candidate receives more than 50 percent of the cast ballots, a run-off between the first two candidates is organized two weeks after the election date.

Latest elections

The first round of the 2009 Romanian presidential elections was held on 22 November. The run-off round, between Traian Băsescu (Democratic Liberal Party, PD-L) and Mircea Geoană (Social Democratic Party, PSD), was held on 6 December 2009 and Băsescu was declared the narrow winner with 50.33 percent of the votes, although most exit polls favored Geoană. On December 8, Geoană formally contested the result of the Presidential runoff election, alleging vote-buying, multiple voting, and ballot box-stuffing. On December 14, Romania's Constitutional Court repelled the request after reconsideration of more than 138,000 invalidated ballots.

Election results 2009 - second round. NUTS 3


Stan, L. & Zaharia, R. 2009. Romania. European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 48(7-8), 1087-1099.