European Parliament Elections

Electoral system

The Netherlands elects 25 representatives to the European Parliament. The electoral system is based on proportional representation. The Netherlands comprises one electoral district. The Hare/d'Hondt formula is used and there is no legal threshold of representation. The party lists are closed but non-blocked. Hence, voters are provided with the opportunity of overruling the party ranking of candidates.

Latest elections

In the latest European Parliament elections, held on 4 June 2009, the two main parties in the Dutch government, the Christian Democrats (CDA) and the Labour Party (PvdA), suffered a marked decline in support (CDA lost 2 seats; PvdA lost 4). Geert Wilders' Party for Freedom (PVV), came second in the elections with 16.97 percent, winning 4 seats in the European Parliament in its first attempt. Observers said that the Muslim integration and anti-EU sentiment seemed to contribute to the Freedom Party's success - but that the message from voters is mixed because pro-European parties also did well. Turnout at the election was 36.75 percent, down from 39.26 in 2004.

Election results 2009, main parties, NUTS 2


Stöver, Philip and Andreas M. Wüst. 2005. Electoral systems.

European Parliament: results by country.

BBC News: election results across Europe.

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