Presidential Elections

Electoral system

The president of France is elected through a direct popular vote for a five (previously seven) year term. The electoral system is based on the majoritarian two-round system (also called second ballot or runoff voting). The voter casts a single vote for their favoured candidate. If no candidate recieves a majority of the votes, that is 50 percent plus one vote, a second election round is organized in which only the two top runners stand against one another.

Latest election - selected candidates, country and NUTS 1


Stöver, Philip, and Andreas Wüst. 2005. Electoral Systems.

The Electoral Reform Society, European Democracies website.

Ysmal, C. 2008. France. European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 47 (7-8), 976-984.

SciencesPo., Centre de données socio-politiques: