Presidential Elections

Electoral system

Since 1994, the president of Finland has been elected through a direct popular vote for a six-year term. The electoral system is based on the majoritarian two-round system (also called second ballot or runoff voting). The voter casts a single vote for their favoured candidate. If no candidate receives a majority of the votes, that is 50 percent plus one vote, a second election round is organized in which only the two top runners stand against one another. Presidents can serve for two consecutive terms only.

Latest elections

Election results 2012. Electoral districts.


Stöver, Philip, and Andreas Wüst. 2005. Electoral Systems

Sundberg, J. 2007. Finland. European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 46 (7-8), 949-952.

Statistics Finland: Results 2012.