Administrative Division

Finland is situated in northern Europe and borders to Sweden and Norway in the west and north-west, and to Russia in the east. The Gulf of Botnia, the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland lies in the west and the south.

For administrative purposes, Finland is divided into 6 state provinces, 20 regions (maakunta or landskap) and about 430 municipalities. Notably, Finland has a single-tiered local government system in which the municipalities form the basic administrative unit. The municipalities are governed by directly elected councils, they have the right to levy taxes, and they have a wide range of functions, especially in relation to the welfare system. The regional level, comprising 19 mainland regions and the Åland Island, serves as a forum for co-operation between municipalities in areas such as education, health and regional planning in general. The regional council is indirectly elected by the member municipalities. The Swedish-speaking administrative region of Åland enjoys an autonomous status with its own self-governing authorities and the right to pass certain laws in an extensive number of areas.

For electoral purposes, the country is divided into 14 multi-member and one single-member (Åland) electoral districts.

NUTS structure

Finland has 20 NUTS 3 units, 5 NUTS 2 units and 2 NUTS 1 unit.

Code Country NUTS 1 NUTS 2 NUTS 3
FI Finland      
FI1   Manner-Suomi    
FI13     Itä-Suomi  
FI131       Etelä-Savo
FI132       Pohjois-Savo
FI133       Pohjois-Karjala
FI134       Kainuu
FI18     Etelä-Suomi  
FI1181       Uusimaa
FI182       Itä-Uusimaa
FI183       Varsinais-Suomi
FI184       Kanta-Häme
FI185       Päijät-Häme
FI186       Kymenlaakso
FI187       Etelä-Karjala
FI19     Länsi-Suomi  
FI191       Satakunta
FI192       Pirkanmaa
FI193       Keski-Suomi
FI194       Etelä-Pohjanmaa
FI195       Pohjanmaa
FI1A     Pohjois-Suomi  
FI1A1       Keski-Pohjanmaa
FI1A2       Pohjois-Pohjanmaa
FI1A3       Lappi
FI2   Åland    
FI20     Åland  
FI200       Åland

Eurostat: Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics - NUTS Statistical Regions of Europe