Presidential Elections

Electoral system

The legal framework for presidential elections are based on democratic principles articulated in the Constitution. The Constitution was substantially amended in 2000, transforming the country from a semi-presidential to a parliamentary republic. It established that a president is elected every five years by a majority of voters in a single nationwide constituency. If no candidate receives a majority of votes, a second round is held fourteen days later between the first and second placed candidates. Citizens who are at least 18 years of age can vote, including those abroad and those incarcerated.

Under the amended Constitution, the president is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces and appoints and dismisses military commanders. The president, in co-operation with the government, formulates foreign policy, and appoints and recalls diplomatic representatives. The president calls parliamentary elections and referenda and invites a member of parliament, who enjoys the confidence of the majority of its members, to form a government.

Latest elections

Presidential Election 2009, round 1, selected candidates. NUTS 2.

Presidential Election 2009, round 2. NUTS 2.


Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights: Final Report, presidential election 2009-2010