Bulgaria Electoral System



The president of Bulgaria is elected through a direct popular vote for a five year term. The electoral system is based on the majoritarian two-round system (also called second ballot or runoff voting). The voter casts a single vote for their favoured candidate. If no candidate recieves a majority of the votes, that is 50 percent plus one vote, a second election round is organized in which only the two top runners stand against one another.


OSCE (The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe): Statement of preliminary findings and conclusions on the Limited Election Observation Mission to observe the 5 July 2009 parliamentary elections in Bulgaria.

Birch, Sarah, Frances Millard, Marina Popescu and Kieran Williams, 2002. Embodying democracy: electoral system design in post-communist Europe. Palgrave Machmillan: New York.

Inter-Parliamentary Union, PARLINE database on national parliaments

Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA): country descriptions.