EU Related Referendums

On 12 June 1994 a referendum was held on Austrian membership in the European Union. That is, the people were asked whether the Nationalrat would be allowed to amend the Austrian constitution in order to fit with the requirements of EU membership. Since these changes were considered to amount to a ‘total revision’ (Gesarntiinderung) of the constitution, the referendum was constitutionally required. The governing parties (SPÖ, ÖVP) took a clear positive stand towards Austrian EU membership, while FPÖ and the Greens (Grüne) campaigned against EU membership.

Participation in the referendum was 82.35 % and was considered very high; 4,768,401 votes were cast, of which 4,724,831 were valid (81,80%). Of the valid votes, 66.58 % approved of the constitutional amendment and membership in the EU. 33.4 % voted ‘no’.

Referendum on the Accession to the European Union, YES votes. NUTS 3


Müller, W. C. 1995. Austria. European Journal of Political Research, Volume 28: 277-289.

Ministry of the Interior (Bundesministerium für Inners), Election results